Different Types of Roofs

There are different types of roofs you can have for your home, depending on the style you like and the affordability of roofing materials. Below are 11 different types of roofs you can take into consideration, and what conditions they are best used for.

1. Arched

An arched roof is a stylistic type of roof that can add to the aesthetic appeal of your home, due to its uniquely and delicately slanted curve. It is ideal for a home that has small, compositional features. Furthermore, it is resistant to strong winds.

2. Bonnet

Bonnet roofs, also known as kicked-eaves, are most common in the French vernacular type of architecture. It is characterized by two slopes that are slanted at a specific angle, over the side of the house.

Typically, the upper slant allows for an additional living space in an attic, or vaulted ceilings. Not only does it offer protection from the sun for patios, but it can also provide assistance in shielding the home from high winds and hurricanes.

3. Flat

Flat roofs appear to be completely flat, but with a slight slope to let the water flow off. It is commonly used with commercial buildings and residential houses. It can be chosen by homeowners who want to provide an extra spacious outdoor living space on their roof.

Other homeowners, and even business owners, want to maximize the space by placing heating and cooling units, and also solar panels, on their flat roofs.

4. Gambrel

A gambrel roof highlights a steeper pitch at the top edge, providing a more spacious interior. It resembles a mansard roof (#7 in this article), however, it is less costly.

5. Gable

This is considered as the most widely recognized rooftop type. Gable roofs, otherwise called pitched or topped roofs, are triangular shaped and are ideal to use for homeowners who want to provide more ventilation into their home. Because it is simple, it is easier to build and furthermore, is less expensive as compared to the more complex roofs.

6. Hip

Regularly used in smaller structures, or on smaller segments of a roof, the hip roof can give an additional living space to an attic and can also add better ventilation. It has four sides, all equivalent, and comes together at the top to form an edge.

This roof is a perfect choice if your place is susceptible to high wind and snowy areas. The inclination of the roof permits snow to effortlessly slide off, with no standing water left behind.

7. Mansard

A mansard roof, otherwise called a French roof, is a type of roof that allows for more storage in your attic. It is made up of four slopes, two on every side, that meet and forms the shape of a low-pitched rooftop.

8. Pyramid

Pyramid roofs are mostly used for smaller houses, and it is named this because it is shaped like a pyramid, but with no vertical sides. Being strong and wind resistant, pyramid roofs are an excellent choice for hurricane-prone and high-wind areas.

9. Skillion

A skillion roof, or shed roof, is half of a triangular or flat roof, with a single slanted surface. It is used on multi-level homes to create unique shapes and patterns for the exterior of the home.

10. Saltbox

Often inclined as asymmetrical, saltbox roofs have one side showing a slightly slanting flat roof, and the other, more of a lean-to. Generally, saltbox roofs are a decent choice for areas that are prone to heavy rains, as the slope makes it easy for water to run off.

11. The Cross Gable Roof

This is the design most used by current builders, with a variety of pitches and slopes. This is the most difficult of roofs to work on, as some parts can be walked on, while others require ladders or other means of assistance.

Styles can greatly affect the pricing of a roof replacement, as well as the installation of a permanent or metal roof. Complexity and walkability are factored into all quotes. Homeowners should understand the pitch and actual square footage, so they can have realistic expectations when talking to an installer.


When choosing the style of roof that you want, consider not only the aesthetic value, but most importantly, the functionality and longevity of it. There are many different types of roofs, and each one will require different levels of maintenance, which means different costs.

When purchasing a home, it is important that all of these things are understood. Roofing is the single most expensive part of the house to upkeep, so make sure that you take all the different factors into consideration.